Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Becoming BourgeoisMerchant Culture in the South, 1820-1865$

Frank J. Byrne

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780813124049

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813124049.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use (for details see http://www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy). Subscriber: null; date: 25 February 2017

(p.209) Appendix

(p.209) Appendix

Source:
Becoming Bourgeois
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky

Table 1. Population Sample of Southern Commercial Classes, 1850

 

Commercial Population in County

Percent of Overall County Free Population (Including Families)

Lowndes County (AL)

209

3.45

Washington County (AL)

13

1.10

Alachua County (FL)

17

1.00

Leon County (FL)

201

6.20

Putnam County (FL)

27

5.60

Clarke County (GA)

299

4.90

Emanuel County (GA)

3

0.08

Gwinnett County (GA)

119

1.30

Wayne County (GA)

5

0.45

Concordia Parish (LA)

4

0.48

West Feliciana Parish (LA)

156

6.30

Terrebonne Parish (LA)

102

3.00

Davidson County (NC)

82

0.66

Martin County (NC)

88

1.80

Williamsburg County (SC)

70

1.80

Hardeman County (TN)

191

1.80

McMinn County (TN)

148

1.20

McNairy County (TN)

167

1.50

Panola County (TX)

34

1.30

Rusk County (TX)

186

3.10

Grayson County (VA)

56

0.90

Southampton County (VA)

85

1.10

Total

2,262

2.20

1.8% (rounded average taken from total free population of all 22 counties: 123,223)

Overall Profile: States=9; Counties=22; Free population=123,223 (57.9%); Slave population=89,748 (42.1%); Total population=212,971

(p.210)

Table 2. Occupation Profile of Southern Commercial Classes, 1850

 

Total No. Commercial Workers(Com. Pop.)

No. Merchants, Grocers, Etc. (% Com. Pop.)

No. Clerks (% Com. Pop.)

No. Peddlers, Hucksters, Etc. (% Com. Pop.)

Lowndes County

76

44 (57.9%)

29 (38.2%)

3 (3.9%)

Washington County

5

4 (75.0%)

0 (0.0%)

1 (25.0%)

Alachua County

11

5 (45.5%)

6 (54.5%)

0 (0.0%)

Leon County

86

41 (47.6%)

44 (51.2%)

1 (1.2%)

Putnam County

8

6 (75.0%)

2 (25.0%)

0 (0.0%)

Clarke County

109

61 (56.0%)

46 (42.2%)

2 (1.8%)

Emanuel County

3

3 (100.0%)

0 (0.0%)

0 (0.0%)

Gwinnett County

24

19 (79.2%)

2 (8.3%)

3 (12.5%)

Wayne County

1

1 (100.0%)

0 (0.0%)

0 (0.0%)

Concordia Parish

3

2 (66.7%)

1 (33.3%)

0 (0.0%)

W. Feliciana Parish

58

37 (63.8%)

21 (36.2%)

0 (0.0%)

Terrebonne Parish

32

24 (75.0%)

8 (25.0%)

0 (0.0%)

Davidson County

21

10 (47.6%)

10 (47.6%)

1 (4.8%)

Martin County

25

18 (72.0%)

7 (28.0%)

0 (0.0%)

Williamsburg County

20

17 (85.0%)

3 (15.0%)

0 (0.0%)

Hardeman County

71

41 (57.8%)

26 (36.6%)

4 (5.6%)

McMinn County

49

34 (69.4%)

15 (30.6%)

0 (0.0%)

McNairy County

50

36 (72.0%)

14 (28.0%)

0 (0.0%)

Panola County

13

8 (61.5%)

5 (38.5%)

0 (0.0%)

Rusk County

58

41 (70.7%)

17 (29.3%)

0 (0.0%)

Grayson County

17

9 (52.9%)

8 (47.1%)

0 (0.0%)

Southampton County

41

17 (41.5%)

24 (58.5%)

0 (0.0%)

Total/Average Percent

781

478 (61.2%)

288 (36.9%)

15 (1.9%)

(p.211)

Table 3. Age and Gender Profile of Southern Commercial Classes, 1850

 

Number/Percent of Male Commercial Population

Number/Percent of Female Commercial Population

Average Age of Merchant/Grocer

Average Age of Clerk

Average Age of Peddler

Lowndes County

75 (98.7%)

1 (1.3%)

33.2

25.5

25.0

Washington County

4 (100.0%)

0

27.3

60.0

Alachua County

11 (100.0%)

0

31.8

26.0

Leon County

87 (100.0%)

0

35.6

24.4

30.0

Putnam County

8 (100.0%)

0

30.3

20.5

Clarke County

107 (98.2%)

2 (1.8%)

33.2

24.4

40.0

Emanuel County

3 (100.0%)

0

28.3

Gwinnett County

24 (100.0%)

0

34.3

23.5

32.0

Wayne County

1 (100.0%)

0

40.0

Concordia Parish

3 (100.0%)

0

51.0

20.0

W. Feliciana Parish

57 (98.3%)

1 (1.7%)

38.5

25.5

Terrebonne Parish

32 (100.0%)

0

34.5

25.9

Davidson County

21 (100.0%)

0

40.7

22.3

24.0

Martin County

25 (100.0%)

0

31.7

18.6

Williamsburg County

20 (100.0%)

0

33.1

24.6

Hardeman County

71 (100.0%)

0

32.4

22.6

21.7

McMinn County

48 (98.0%)

1 (2.0%)

34.4

22.3

McNairy County

50 (100.0%)

0

31.4

22.5

Panola County

13 (100.0%)

0

30.4

23.8

Rusk County

58 (100.0%)

0

33.5

26.8

Grayson County

17 (100.0%)

0

41.1

23.0

Southampton County

41 (100.0%)

0

32.8

22.9

Total/Average Percent

776 (99.3%)

5 (0.7%)

34.5

23.4

33.2

(p.212)

Table 4. Place of Origin of Southern Commercial Classes, 1850

Number/Percent of Commercial Workers Who Came from

 

Home State

Slave State

the North

Europe

Elsewhere

Lowndes County

9 (11.8%)

44 (57.9%)

15 (19.7%)

8 (10.5%)

0

Washington County

2 (50.0%)

2 (50.0%)

0 (0.0%)

0 (0.0%)

0

Alachua County

3 (27.3%)

5 (45.5%)

2 (18.2%)

1 (9.1%)

0

Leon County

8 (9.2%)

55 (63.2%)

16 (18.4%)

6 (6.9%)

2 (2.3%)

Putnam County

2 (25.0%)

4 (50.0%)

1 (12.5%)

1 (12.5%)

0

Clarke County

70 (64.2%)

17 (15.6%)

15 (13.8%)

6 (5.5%)

1 (0.92%)

Emanuel County

2 (66.7%)

0 (0.0%)

0 (0.0%)

1 (33.3%)

0

Gwinnett County

15 (62.5%)

7 (29.2%)

2 (8.3%)

0 (0.0%)

0

Wayne County

0 (0.0%)

0 (0.0%)

1 (100.0%)

0 (0.0%)

0

Concordia Parish

0 (0.0%)

2 (66.7%)

0 (0.0%)

1 (33.3%)

0

W. Feliciana Parish

14 (24.1%)

10 (17.2%)

6 (10.3%)

28 (48.3%)

0

Terrebonne Parish

6 (18.7%)

2 (6.3%)

1 (3.1%)

21 (65.6%)

2 (6.3%)

Davidson County

19 (90.4%)

1 (4.8%)

1 (4.8%)

0 (0.0%)

0

Martin County

22 (88.0%)

1 (4.0%)

0 (0.0%)

2 (8.0%)

0

Williamsburg County

14 (70.0%)

2 (10.0%)

1 (5.0%)

3 (15.0%)

0

Hardeman County

28 (39.4%)

37 (52.1%)

2 (2.8%)

3 (4.2%)

1 (1.4%)

McMinn County

35 (71.4%)

9 (18.4%)

2 (4.1%)

3 (6.1%)

0

McNairy County

27 (54.0%)

23 (46.0%)

0 (0.0%)

0 (0.0%)

0

Panola County

0 (0.0%)

10 (76.9%)

1 (7.7%)

2 (15.4%)

0

Rusk County

1 (1.7%)

43 (74.1%)

6 (10.3%)

5 (8.6%)

3 (5.2%)

Grayson County

15 (88.2%)

1 (5.9%)

1 (5.9%)

0 (0.0%)

0

Southampton County

39 (95.1%)

2 (4.9%)

0 (0.0%)

0 (0.0%)

0

Total/Average Percent

331 (42.4%)

277 (35.5%)

73 (9.3%)

91 (11.7%)

9 (1.1%)

(p.213)

Table 5. Residence, Family Size, and Real Estate Holdings of Southern Commercial Classes, 1850

 

Average Size of Families(No. Persons)

Percent of Merchants with Clerks Living in Their Homes

No./Percent of Merchants Living with Their Farm Families

No./Percent of Merchants Owning Real Estate

Average Value of Merchant-Owned Real Estate

Lowndes County

3.9

14.3%

1 (1.3%)

28 (36.8%)

$2,361

Washington County

3.6

0.0%

0

2 (50.0%)

$62.50

Alachua County

5.0

9.1%

0

4 (36.4%)

$1,275

Leon County

4.2

35.7%

0

23 (26.4%)

$5,593

Putnam County

3.0

33.3%

1 (12.5%)

3 (37.5%)

$1,866

Clarke County

4.8

16.4%

3 (2.7%)

34 (31.2%)

$4,080

Emanuel County

0.0%

0

1 (33.3%)

$150

Gwinnett County

5.3

10.5%

4 (16.7%)

15 (62.5%)

$1,486

Wayne County

5.0

0.0%

0

1 (100.0%)

$2,000

Concordia Parish

50.0%

0

0

$0

W. Feliciana Parish

4.1

21.6%

0

18 (31.0%)

$3,642

Terrebonne Parish

4.6

16.7%

1 (3.1%)

11 (34.4%)

$2,591

Davidson County

4.8

50.0%

1 (4.8%)

9 (42.8%)

$2,928

Martin County

3.9

16.7%

1 (4%)

9 (36.0%)

$3,133

Williamsburg County

4.3

5.0%

2 (10.0%)

9 (45.0%)

$2,203

Hardeman County

4.0

19.5%

3 (4.2%)

24 (33.8%)

$6,814

McMinn County

5.2

23.5%

2 (4.1%)

22 (44.9%)

$3,824

McNairy County

5.5

8.3%

3 (6.0%)

25 (50.0%)

$1,754

Panola County

4.0

0.0%

0

3 (23.1%)

$2,173

Rusk County

4.9

12.2%

0

30 (51.7%)

$2,569

Grayson County

5.2

22.2%

0

6 (35.3%)

$3,771

Southampton County

4.0

52.9%

0

11 (26.8%)

$1,625

Total/Average Percent (taken from 781 total)

4.5

23.2%

2.8%

36.9%

$2,542

(p.214)

Table 6. Slavery and the Southern Commercial Classes, 1850

 

No./Percent of Merchants Owning Slaves

No./Percent of Clerks Owning Slaves

No./Percent of All Commercial Workers Owning Slaves

Percent of County’s Slaves Owned by Commercial Workers

Average No. of Slaves per Commercial Worker

Lowndes County

23 (52.3%)

3 (10.3%)

26 (34.2%)

1.4%

7.7

Washington County

1 (33.3%)

0

1 (25.0%)

0.06%

1.0

Alachua County

1 (20.0%)

0

1 (9.1%)

0.33%

3.0

Leon County

12 (28.6%)

6 (13.6%)

18 (20.7%)

1.2%

5.4

Putnam County

1 (16.7%)

0

1 (12.5%)

7.8%

16.0

Clarke County

26 (42.6%)

8 (17.4%)

34 (31.2%)

3.9%

6.4

Emanuel County

0

0

0

0

Gwinnett County

8 (42.1%)

0

8 (33.3%)

3.8%

10.8

Wayne County

1 (100.0%)

0

1 (100.0%)

1.2%

5.0

Concordia Parish

0

0

0

0

W. Feliciana Parish

2 (5.4%)

0

2 (3.4%)

0.30%

15.0

Terrebonne Parish

5 (21.0%)

1 (12.5%)

6 (18.75%)

1.1%

7.7

Davidson County

4 (40.0%)

1 (10.0%)

5 (23.8%)

1.2%

7.0

Martin County

9 (50.0%)

1 (14.3%)

10 (40.0%)

2.3%

7.8

Williamsburg County

8 (47.1%)

0

8 (40.0%)

1.6%

17.3

Hardeman County

12 (29.3%)

0

12 (16.9%)

3.1%

18.4

McMinn County

13 (38.2%)

3 (20.0%)

16 (32.6%)

3.1%

3.0

McNairy County

16 (44.4%)

0

16 (32.0%)

5.7%

5.7

Panola County

2 (25.0%)

0

2 (15.4%)

0.42%

2.5

Rusk County

12 (29.3%)

1 (5.9%)

13 (22.4%)

2.6%

4.3

Grayson County

4 (44.4%)

0

4 (23.5%)

4.6%

5.7

Southampton County

3 (17.6%)

1 (4.2%)

4 (9.7%)

0.62%

9.0

Total/Average Percent

163 (20.9%)

25 (3.2%)

188 (23.7%)

2.3%

7.9