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Jewish Communities on the Ohio RiverA History$

Amy Hill Shevitz

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780813124308

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813124308.001.0001

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(p.201) Appendix: Population Tables

(p.201) Appendix: Population Tables

Source:
Jewish Communities on the Ohio River
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky

  1. Table 1. County and Town Populations 1840–1900 202

  2. Table 2. County and Town Populations 1900–2000 206

  3. Table 3. Jewish Population Estimates 209

(p.202)

Table 1. County and Town Populations 1840–1900

 

1840

1850

1860

1870

1880

1890

1900

Pennsylvania

Allegheny

81,235

138,290

178,822

262,204

355,869

551,959

775,058

    Pittsburgh a

31,204

46,601

49,217

86,076

156,389

238,617

321,616

Ohio

Columbiana

40,378

33,621

32,836

38,299

48,602

59,029

68,590

    East Liverpool

503b

1,581

2,051

2,105

5,568

10,956

16,485

Jefferson

25,030

29,133

26,115

29,188

33,018

39,415

44,357

    Steubenville

5,203

6,140

6,154

8,107

12,093

13,394

14,349

Belmont

30,901

34,600

36,398

39,714

49,683

57,413

60,875

    Bellaire

1,466

4,033

8,025

9,934

9,912

Washington

20,823

29,540

36,268

40,609

43,244

42,380

48,245

    Marietta c

2,506

4,185

5,529

6,729

7,016

8,273

13,348

Meigs

11,452

17,971

26,534

31,465

32,325

29,813

28,620

    Pomeroy

1,638

6,480

5,824

5,560

4,726

4,639

Gallia

13,444

17,063

22,043

25,545

28,124

27,005

27,918

    Gallipolis

1,413

1,686

3,418

3,711

4,400

4,498

5,432

Lawrence

9,738

15,246

23,219

31,380

39,068

39,556

39,534

    Ironton

3,691

5,686

8,857

10,939

11,868

Scioto

11,192

18,428

24,297

29,302

33,511

35,377

40,981

    Portsmouth

d

4,011

6,268

10,592

11,321

12,394

17,870

Hamilton

80,145

156,844

216,401

260,370

313,374

374,573

409,479

    Cincinnati

46,338

115,435

161,044

216,239

255,139

296,908

325,902

Indiana

Dearborn

19,327

20,166

24,397

24,116

26,671

23,364

22,194

    Lawrenceburg

2,651

3,599

3,159

4,668

4,284

4,362

Jefferson

16,614

23,916

25,027

29,741

25,977

24,507

22,913

    Madison

3,798

8,012

8,130

10,709

8,945

8,936

7,835

Floyd

9,454

14,875

20,174

23,300

24,590

29,458

30,118

    New Albany

4,226

9,859

12,647

15,396

16,423

21,059

20,628

Vanderburgh

6,250

11,414

20,543

33,145

42,193

59,809

71,769

    Evansville

3,235

11,484

21,830

29,280

50,756

59,007

Posey

9,683

12,549

16,158

19,185

20,857

21,529

22,333

    Mount Vernon

1,120

1,994

2,880

3,730

4,705

5,132

Illinois

Alexander

3,313

2,484

4,698

10,564

14,808

16,563

19,384

    Cairo

242

2,188

6,267

9,011

10,324

12,566

(West) Virginia

Ohio

13,357

18,006

22,422

28,831

37,457

41,557

48,024

    Wheeling

7,885

11,435

14,083

19,280

30,737

34,522

38,878

Wood

7,923

9,450

11,046

19,000

25,006

28,612

34,452

    Parkersburg

1,218

2,493

5,546

6,582

8,408

11,703

Cabell

8,163

6,299

8,020

6,429

13,744

23,595

29,252

    Huntington e

3,174

10,108

11,923

Kentucky

Boyd f

6,044

8,573

12,165

14,033

18,834

    Ashland

2,462

3,280

4,195

6,800

Mason

15,719

18,344

18,222

18,126

20,469

20,773

20,446

    Maysville

2,741

4,256

4,106

4,705

5,220

5,358

6,423

Kenton

7,816

17,038

25,467

36,096

43,983

54,161

63,591

    Covington

2,026

9,408

16,471

24,505

29,720

37,371

42,938

Campbell

5,214

13,127

20,909

27,406

37,440

44,208

54,223

    Newport

g

5,895

10,046

15,087

20,433

24,918

28,301

Jefferson

36,346

59,831

89,404

118,953

146,010

188,598

232,549

    Louisville

21,210

43,194

68,033

100,753

123,758

161,129

204,731

Daviess

8,331

12,362

15,549

20,714

27,730

33,120

38,667

    Owensboro

h

1,215

2,308

3,437

6,231

9,837

13,189

Henderson

9,548

12,171

14,262

18,457

24,515

29,536

32,907

    Henderson

1,775

4,171

5,365

8,835

10,272

McCracken

4,745

6,067

10,360

13,998

16,262

21,051

28,733

    Paducah

i

2,428

4,590

6,866

8,036

12,797

19,446

(a) Pittsburgh figures include Allegheny City, which was annexed in 1907.

(b) East Liverpool was at this time Liverpool.

(c) Marietta figures include Harmar village, which was annexed in 1890. The breakdown of the totals is as follows:

 

Marietta

Harmar

1840

1,814

692

1850

3,175

1,010

1860

4,323

1,206

1870

5,218

1,511

1880

5,444

1,572

(d) Portsmouth is not listed separately. Its 1830 population was 1,064.

(e) Huntington was founded in 1871.

(f) Boyd County was created in 1860.

(g) Newport is not listed separately. Its 1830 population was 715.

(h) Owensboro is not listed separately. Its 1830 population was 229.

(i) Paducah is not listed separately. Its 1830 population was 105.

Sources: County data from University of Virginia Library, Geospatial and Statistical Data Center, http://flsher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/. Town data from U.S. Census Office, Sixth Census or Enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States, as Corrected at the Department of State, in 1840 (Washington, DC: Blair and Rives, 1841); U.S. Census Office, The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850 (Washington, DC: R. Armstrong, 1853); U.S. Census Office, Population of the United States in 1860 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1864); U.S. Census Office, Ninth Census: 1870, vol. 1 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1872); U.S. Census Office, Tenth Census: June 1, 1880, vol. 1 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1883); U.S. Census Office, Eleventh Census: 1890, vol. 1, pt. 1 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1895); U.S. Census Office, Twelfth Census: 1900, vol. 1, pt. 1 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1901).

(p.203) (p.204) (p.205)

(p.206)

Table 2. County and Town Populations 1900–2000

 

1900a

1930

1950

1970

2000

Pennsylvania

Allegheny

775,058

1,374,410

1,515,237

1,605,016

1,281,666

    Pittsburgh

321,616

669,817

676,806

520,117

334,563

Beaver

56,432

149,062

175,192

208,418

181,412

    Ambridge b

20,227

16,429

11,324

7,769

    Aliquippa c

620

27,116

26,132

22,277

11,734

Ohio

Columbiana

68,590

86,484

98,920

108,310

112,075

    East Liverpool

16,485

23,329

24,217

20,020

13,089

Jefferson

44,357

88,307

96,495

96,193

73,894

    Steubenville

14,349

35,422

35,872

30,771

19,015

Belmont

60,875

94,719

87,740

80,917

70,226

    Bellaire

9,912

13,327

19,573

9,655

4,892

Washington

48,245

42,437

44,407

57,160

63,251

    Marietta

13,348

14,285

16,006

16,861

14,515

Meigs

28,620

23,961

23,227

19,799

23,072

    Pomeroy

4,639

3,563

3,656

2,672

1,966

Gallia

27,918

23,050

24,910

25,239

31,069

    Gallipolis

5,432

7,106

7,871

7,490

4,180

Lawrence

39,534

44,541

49,115

56,868

62,319

    Ironton

11,868

16,621

16,333

15,030

11,211

Scioto

40,981

81,221

82,910

76,951

79,195

    Portsmouth

17,870

42,560

36,798

27,633

20,909

Hamilton

409,479

589,356

723,952

924,018

845,303

    Cincinnati

325,902

451,160

503,998

452,524

331,285

Indiana

Dearborn

22,194

21,056

25,141

29,430

46,109

    Lawrenceburg

4,362

4,072

4,806

4,636

4,685

Jefferson

22,913

19,182

21,613

27,006

31,705

    Madison

7,835

6,530

7,506

13,081

12,004

Floyd

30,118

34,655

43,955

55,622

70,823

    New Albany

20,628

25,819

29,346

38,402

37,603

Vanderburgh

71,769

113,320

160,422

168,772

171,922

    Evansville

59,007

102,249

128,636

138,764

121,582

Posey

22,333

17,853

19,818

21,740

27,061

    Mount Vernon

5,132

5,035

6,150

6,770

7,478

Illinois

Alexander

19,384

22,542

20,316

12,015

9,590

    Cairo

12,566

13,532

12,123

6,277

3,632

West Virginia

Brooke

7,219

24,663

26,904

29,685

25,447

Hancock

6,693

28,511

34,388

39,749

32,667

    Weirton d

24,005

27,131

20,411

Ohio

48,024

72,077

71,672

64,197

47,427

    Wheeling

38,878

61,659

58,891

48,188

31,419

Wood

34,452

56,521

66,540

86,818

87,986

    Parkersburg

11,703

29,623

29,684

44,208

33,099

Cabell

29,252

90,786

108,035

106,918

96,784

    Huntington

11,923

75,572

86,353

74,315

51,475

Kentucky

Boyd

18,834

43,849

49,949

52,376

49,752

    Ashland

6,800

29,074

31,131

29,245

21,981

Mason

20,446

18,862

18,486

17,273

16,800

    Maysville

6,423

6,557

8,632

7,411

8,993

Kenton

63,591

93,534

104,254

129,440

151,464

    Covington

42,938

65,252

64,452

52,535

43,370

Campbell

54,223

73,391

76,196

88,501

88,616

    Newport

28,301

29,744

31,044

25,998

17,048

Jefferson

232,549

355,350

484,615

695,055

693,604

    Louisville

204,731

307,745

369,129

361,472

256,231

Daviess

38,667

43,779

57,241

79,486

91,545

    Owensboro

13,189

22,765

33,651

50,329

54,067

Henderson

32,907

26,295

30,715

36,031

44,829

    Henderson

10,272

11,668

16,837

22,976

27,373

McCracken

28,733

46,271

49,137

58,281

65,514

    Paducah

19,446

33,541

32,828

31,627

26,307

(a) Data for 1900 also appear in table 1.

(b) Ambridge was first listed in the 1910 census, with a population of 5,205. The population in 1920 was 12,730.

(c) Aliquippa’s population in 1910 was 1,743 and in 1920 was 2,931.

(d) Weirton overlaps Brooke and Hancock counties. In its early decades, Weirton was an unincorporated entity. The population was about 8,500 in 1930 and about 18,000 in 1940 (Writers’ Program of the Works Progress Administration, comp., West Virginia: A Guide to the Mountain State [New York: Oxford University Press, 1941], 483). Only a section of the city, Weirton Heights, is listed in the 1940 census, with a population of 2,476.

Sources: County data for 1900-1970 from U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Population Census Counts 1900–1990, http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts.html. Town data for 1900–1970 from U.S. Census Office, Twelfth Census: 1900, vol. 1, pt. 1 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1901); U.S. Bureau of the Census, Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930; Population, vol. 3, pts. 1–2 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1932); U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population: 1950; A Report of the Seventeenth Decennial Census of the United States, vol. 1 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1952); U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1970 Census of Population, vol. 1, pt. A, secs. 1–2 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1972). All data for 2000 from U.S. Bureau of the Census, American FactFinder, http://factflnder.census.gov/.

(p.207) (p.208)

(p.209)

Table 3. Jewish Population Estimates

Pennsylvania

 

Aliquippa

Ambridge

Beaver

Coraopolis

McKees Rocks

Midland

Rochester

Pittsburgh

1852

some

1858

60

1863

150

1870

1,000

1878

21

2,000

1889

5,000

1897

10,000

1905

15,000

1912

some

some

200

some

35,000

1917

300

220

94

60,000

1927

115

200

200

240

62

53,000

1937

410

290

30

180

330

100

100

52,000

1947

400

300

156

260

54,000

1953

400

300

152

160

54,000

1960

400

300

115

100

47,000

1967

400

300

115

45,000

1978

400

250

115

1980

400

250

115

50,000

1984

400

250

50,000

1991

350

1999a

40,000

Ohio

 

East Liverpool

Steubenville

Bellaire

Marietta

Pomeroy

Gallipolis

Ironton

Portsmouth

Cincinnati

1820

20

1830

140

1840

1,250

1850

2,500

1860

9,000

1878

37

64

47

84

8,000

1905

140

some

96

17,500

1907

200

300

some

some

114

25,000

1912

some

150

400

some

some

some

60

28,000

1917

300

400

440

80

90

128

25,000

1927

500

920

300

100

200

23,500

1937

535

1,000

275

80

14

55

175

21,800

1947

368

780

256

〈100

〈100

140

22,000

1953

365

1,000

200

120

25,000

1960

365

900

120

200

25,000

1968

290

620

120

170

28,000

1974

290

620

120

120

30,000

1978

290

405

〈100

120

30,000

1985

300

200

120

22,000

1991

200

175

〈100

23,000

1999

〈100

125

22,500

Indiana

 

Lawrenceburg

Madison

New Albany

Evansville

Mount Vernon

1878

36

253

375

86

1905

800

123

1907

50

750

1912

32

1,000

1917

70

125

1,500

85

1927

24

1,800

1937

50

15

65b

1,765

23

1947

1,350

1953

1,450

1960

1,225

1967

1,125

1978

1,200

1980

1,200

1985

1,200

1991

520

1999

400

Illinois

Cairo

1878

57

1905

98145.451

1907

150

1912

1917

375

1927

75

1937

60

West Virginia

Wheeling

Weirton

Parkersburg

Huntington

1854

17

1878

300

77

1905

400

150

71

1907

550

50

100

1912

500

400

150

1917

1,000

69

440

310

1927

750

98

1,125

1937c

1,150

125

810

1947

800

300

100

700

1953

800

300

100

700

1960

800

265

100

925

1967

700

300

170

750

1974

775

170

350

1978

650

155

350

1980

650

150

155

450

1985

650

150

155

450

1991

300

〈100

275

1999

275

110

250

Kentucky

 

Ashland

Maysville

Covington/Newport

Louisville

Owensboro

Henderson

Paducah

1830

20

1860

2,000

1875

170

1878

18

2,500

213

79

203

1905

7,000

155

189

234

1907

8,000

150

260

1912

some

some

10,000

250

250

1917

650d

9,000

230

275

250

1927

170

1,100e

12,500

49

93

800

1937

150

28

850f

13,800

65

88

600

1947

200

9,000

140

150

1953

175

7,900

125

140

150

1960

175

8,500

140

275

1967

150

8,500

175

1974

150

9,200

175

1978

9,200

175

1980

9,200

175

1985

9,200

175

1991

8,700

g

1999

500

8,700

(a) The data for all Pennsylvania towns are included with Pittsburgh’s data.

(b) Plus 25 in Jeffersonville (opposite Louisville, KY).

(c) Plus 25 in Chester, 35 in Wellsburg, 16 in Moundsville, and 15 in New Martinsville.

(d) Covington 350, Newport 300.

(e) Covington 500, Newport 600.

(f) Covington 350, Newport 475, Fort Thomas 25.

(g) Included with southern Illinois. Weissbach estimates 150 for 1994. Lee Shai Weissbach, The Synagogues of Kentucky (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995), 149.

Sources: Data for 1907 and 1912 from Herman Bernstein, ed., American Jewish Yearbook 5675, vol. 16, September 21, 1914— September 8, 1915 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1914). Data for 1917 from Samson D. Oppenheim, ed., American Jewish Yearbook 5679, vol. 20, September 7, 1918—September 24, 1919 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1918). Data for 1947 from Henry Schneiderman and Morris Fine, eds., American Jewish Yearbook 5709, 1948-49, vol. 50 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1949). Data for 1953 from Morris Fine, ed., American Jewish Yearbook 1954, vol. 55 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1954). Data for 1967 from Morris Fine and Milton Himmelfarb, eds., American Jewish Yearbook 1968, vol. 69 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1968). Data for 1974 from Morris Fine and Milton Himmelfarb, eds., American Jewish Yearbook 1976, vol. 76 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1975). Data for 1978 from Morris Fine and Milton Himmelfarb, eds., American Jewish Yearbook 1979, vol. 79 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1978). Data for 1985 from Milton Himmelfarb and David Singer, eds., American Jewish Yearbook 1986, vol. 86 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1986). Data for 1991 from David Singer, ed., American Jewish Yearbook 1992, vol. 92 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1992). Data for 1999 from David Singer and Lawrence Grossman, eds., American Jewish Yearbook 2000, vol. 100 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2000). All other data from Jacob Rader Marcus, To Count a People: American Jewish Population Data, 1585-1984 (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1990).

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