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Urban Guerrilla Warfare$
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Anthony James Joes

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780813124377

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813124377.001.0001

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Budapest 1956

Budapest 1956

(p.39) 2 Budapest 1956
Urban Guerrilla Warfare

Anthony James Joes

University Press of Kentucky

The Budapest uprising of 1956 is unique to other similar upheavals in the sense that there was no revolutionary body that organized and directed it. What served as the spark was when the AVH, the Hungarian State Security Service of the communist regime, shot and killed an estimated 600 unarmed men and women demonstrators at the State Radio Building in October. Anti-communism sentiments were already prevalent among ordinary citizens prior to this incident, although many kept it hidden for fear of retribution. A swelling of support soon came from thousands of people, who were supplied guns and ammunitions by sympathizers in the regular army and the city police, in the days that followed. Realizing that the country's communist regime was in danger, outgoing puppet Prime Minister Hegedus sought Soviet intervention. The two mechanized Soviet divisions sent to Hungary proved inadequate and 11 more divisions followed, including 3,000 tanks, effectively ending the short-lived national uprising.

Keywords:   Budapest, national uprising, peaceful demonstration, Hungarian State Security Service, freedom fighters, Soviet Union, communism

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