While all sustainable cultures are subsistence cultures, not all sustainable cultures are sustainable. In this chapter, the author seeks to examine a tribal definition of subsistence by exploring various aspects of contemporary traditional cultures. It would thus be possible to analyze how a subsistence culture may become a sustainable culture. As a culture changes, the subsistence of village people's lives also entails corresponding change. The worldview encompasses the fundamental aspect of a subsistence life in which tools used for gathering and hunting serve as a medium of exchange while cash and technology are merely extras, since much of the acquired cash results from various harvests and handicrafts. This chapter attempts to look into the nature of subsistence and how this aids attaining a better understanding of sustainability.
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