As implied by the statement made by William Watts Ball—editor of The State—World War I signified hope not only for the African American reformers in South Carolina but also for the whites who saw themselves as reformers as well. All of these reformers opted to achieve a progressive South Carolina that would generally develop improved standards of living through a prosperous economy, rehabilitation for prisoners, and other such indicators. However, Ball also pointed out that the whites who perceived themselves as leaders would experience disturbance in spite of how the expected changes would prove to be constructive. The white reformers comprised mainly of middle-class professionals who had a common goal of advancing South Carolina. This chapter illustrates how these white reformers advocated changes that they prescribed and would gain control of as they also attempted to ensure social dominance.
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