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Bluecoats and Tar HeelsSoldiers and Civilians in Reconstruction North Carolina$
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Mark L Bradley

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813125077

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813125077.001.0001

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An Uncertain Relationship

An Uncertain Relationship

The Interaction of Soldiers and Civilians in 1865

Chapter:
(p.47) Chapter Three An Uncertain Relationship
Source:
Bluecoats and Tar Heels
Author(s):

Mark L. Bradley

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813125077.003.0004

After the surrender at the Bennett farm, the role of the U.S. Army shifted from conqueror to peacekeeper. The white North Carolinians became hopeless and disoriented after the defeat and some commanders of the Union perceived the submission as signifing resignation to the new state of affairs. The federal soldiers made various efforts so that their former enemies would be placated. The Union occupation troops, as noted by Joseph E. Johnston, treated Tar Heel civilians “as they would have done those of Ohio or New York.” In spite of how several Confederate veterans exhibited favorable responses to the friendly endeavors of the bluecoats, several white Tar Heels were still expressing opposition. The conflict was compounded as the white North Carolinians did not want to stand for the presence of black occupation troops.

Keywords:   North Carolina, U.S. Army, Joseph E. Johnston, Tar Heel civilians, bluecoats, whites, black occupation troops, Confederate veterans

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