The situation in Korea during late December 1950 was very different to that experienced two months later. When General Ridgway took command, whether the UN forces would be able to proceed on the peninsula was unsure, and that the only military plans at Eighth Army involved evacuation by sea and a withdrawal to Pusan. The enemy forces demonstrated expertise in attacking rear areas, retreating units, and cutting supply lines. As such, commanders thus became focused on avoiding attacks rather than attacking the enemy. American units continued to experience problems in terms of cohesion and training while South Korean units had to face problems of not only cohesion and training but also morale and leadership. This concluding chapter summarizes the efforts made for changing the Eighth Army and how they were able to send enemy forces back to North Korea.
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