3d Battalion, 23d Infantry Regiment, and French Battalion, 30 January–2 February 1951
Along with its attached French Battalion, the 23d Infantry Regiment occupied the western end of the defensive line of the X Corps through tying with IX Corps's flank unit at Yoju. The 23d Infantry relocated its 2d Battalion ten miles to Munmang-ni to build a patrol base and remain in contact with IX Corps's reconnaissance force. Although the initial advance of a reconnaissance patrol to the south of Chip'yong-ni resulted to no enemy encounter, the second advance to the twin railroad tunnels that cut through the mountains entailed strong enemy force encounters and severe casualties. In this chapter, 1st Lt. John Mewha's documentation of the operations is examined as he is recognized as one of the Army's combat historians in Korea.
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