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Uneven GroundAppalachia since 1945$
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Ronald D Eller

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780813125237

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813125237.001.0001

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Growth and Development

Growth and Development

(p.177) 5 Growth and Development
Uneven Ground

Ronald D Eller

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter discusses the vital role played by the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) in the modernization of Appalachia during the decades after the waning of the antipoverty crusade. It notes that the modern American faith in technology and growth is nowhere more evident than in the programs of the ARC; just as the OEO attempted to alleviate Appalachian otherness by modernizing mountain culture, the ARC sought to bring the promise of a modern economy to the mountains. Confidence in American capitalism, and faith in science, technology, and public planning convinced most postwar policy makers that growth produces prosperity and that economic expansion could be managed to create better communities. The construction of “developmental” highways, vocational schools, health facilities, and other public infrastructure would help to link the mountains more directly to national markets, a process that would promote growth and prosperity in the lagging region.

Keywords:   ARC, antipoverty crusade, modern America, technology, OEO, capitalism, science, public planning, postwar policy

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