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Civil Rights in the Gateway to the SouthLouisville, Kentucky, 1945-1980$
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Tracy E. K'Meyer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813125398

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813125398.001.0001

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The Busing Crisis

The Busing Crisis

Chapter:
(p.251) 8 The Busing Crisis
Source:
Civil Rights in the Gateway to the South
Author(s):

Tracy E. K’Meyer

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813125398.003.0009

This chapter discusses the busing crisis created by the antibusing movement which produced an outburst of prointegration and antiracist activity on the part of traditional civil rights leaders, African American parents, and faith-based and secular human relations advocates. It reports that in September 1975, court-ordered busing began bringing black and white students together on a large scale in the newly merged city and county system, white opponents of integration launched a school boycott and mass demonstrations, the latter devolving into vandalism and rioting that required the intervention of the National Guard and earned the city condemnation from the national press. It further reports that the local antibusing movement — the largest, most organized, and most vocal opposition seen during the civil rights era in Louisville — revealed the extent of resistance to further change in the racial status quo.

Keywords:   busing crisis, antibusing movement, prointegration, antiracist, civil rights leaders, court-ordered busing, school boycott, mass demonstrations, vandalism, rioting

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