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Race and Liberty in AmericaThe Essential Reader$
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Jonathan Bean

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813125459

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813125459.001.0001

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Republicans and Race

Republicans and Race


(p.136) (p.137) 4 Republicans and Race
Race and Liberty in America

Jonathan Bean

University Press of Kentucky

In the 1920s, lynching and mob violence still existed, terrorizing African Americans in the South, and occasionally the North and West. The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) revived in a new form, attacking not only blacks but also Catholics, Jews, and immigrants. By the mid-1920s, the KKK reached millions in membership, before disintegrating in the midst of scandal and counterattacks by opponents. Republicans passed an anti-lynching bill but weakened when a Democratic filibuster thwarted all other issues on the congressional agenda. President Warren Harding spoke courageously against southern racism, but Democratic victories in Congress restrained his power to do more. The National Origins Quota Act of 1924, signed by President Calvin Coolidge, shut down immigration for decades to come. Hebert Hoover, the secretary of commerce, desegregated his agency's workforce and won the support of the majority of black voters for his GOP ticket.

Keywords:   lynching, African Americans, KKK, Republicans, anti-lynching bill, Democrats, Warren Harding, National Origins, Calvin Coolidge, immigration

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