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How Kentucky Became SouthernA Tale of Outlaws, Horse Thieves, Gamblers, and Breeders$
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Maryjean Wall

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813126050

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813126050.001.0001

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The Greening of the Bluegrass

The Greening of the Bluegrass

(p.54) Chapter Two The Greening of the Bluegrass
How Kentucky Became Southern

Maryjean Wall

University Press of Kentucky

The composition of limestone, which is calcium carbonate, is very important to horse breeders because it includes a heavy concentration of phosphate, which plays a greater role in growing a strong horse than calcium carbonate does. Limestone is relatively uncommon and only occurs in a few other places outside Bluegrass, according to Professor Frank Ettensohn. In 1876, Professor Nathan Southgate Shaler wrote that Bluegrass land was “surpassed by no other soils in any country for fertility and endurance.” The soil, the limestone, and the Kentucky bluegrass that grew on this land continued to fascinate observers, who wrote about this verdant section of the United States. Bluegrass had two qualities that no other region possessed: (1) an abundance of superior Thoroughbred breeding stock; and (2) the unique land these horses grazed on.

Keywords:   Bluegrass, limestone, phosphate, soil, calcium carbonate

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