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A History of Education in Kentucky$
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William E. Ellis

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813129778

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813129778.001.0001

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Higher Education in an Age of Flux

Higher Education in an Age of Flux

Chapter:
(p.108) Chapter 4 Higher Education in an Age of Flux
Source:
A History of Education in Kentucky
Author(s):

William E. Ellis

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813129778.003.0004

Higher education in Kentucky struggled in the era from 1860 to 1900, particularly during and just after the Civil War. Old colleges failed as newer schools, some founded as secondary schools in the mold of the old academy system, slowly moved toward offering college curricula. Nationally, an “emerging national consensus” after the Civil War began to place greater importance and emphasis on education. The disruption of the Civil War and its aftermath did not deter Kentuckians from developing new colleges. In the latter half of the nineteenth century, higher education in Kentucky continued to be segregated by race (except briefly at Berea College) and divided by religion. Late-nineteenth-century public schools evolved from grammar schools into high schools by adding more years of education, and Kentucky colleges developed similarly. Most of them began as high schools and added college courses until they emerged as schools of higher education. Higher education in Kentucky also reacted to the new scientific ideas of the age.

Keywords:   higher education, Kentucky, Civil War, race, religion, public schools, college courses

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