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A History of Education in Kentucky$
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William E. Ellis

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813129778

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813129778.001.0001

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Elementary and Secondary Education from the Progressive Era to World War II

Elementary and Secondary Education from the Progressive Era to World War II

(p.144) (p.145) Chapter 5 Elementary and Secondary Education from the Progressive Era to World War II
A History of Education in Kentucky

William E. Ellis

University Press of Kentucky

The period from the 1890s to 1920 is often termed the Progressive Era, and for good reason. Kentucky's common schools of the nineteenth century slowly evolved into the graded public schools of the early twentieth century, this also happened in most other states. Throughout its history, education in Kentucky often seemed to take nearly as many steps backward as forward. After the Civil War, the movement for state-supported normal schools in Kentucky languished. However, most colleges soon added teaching programs or moves towards normal education, providing a service as well as producing revenue. Education in Kentucky appeared to be on the march, the state finally recognizing the need for a state-funded normal school program. Most Kentucky educators of the early twentieth century grew up in the same educational milieu they had entered as teachers in their late teens and early twenties. From the mid-1920s through the Great Depression, several battles were waged in public education, the most important being over free textbooks, equalization, and certification. Kentucky's educational system had been nearly studied to death from 1900 to the early 1940s.

Keywords:   elementary education, secondary education, Kentucky, Progressive Era, World War II, Great Depression, Civil War, educational system

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