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Constructing Affirmative ActionThe Struggle for Equal Employment Opportunity$
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David Hamilton Golland

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813129976

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813129976.001.0001

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Grasping at Solutions, 1964–1967

Grasping at Solutions, 1964–1967

(p.65) Chapter 3 Grasping at Solutions, 1964–1967
Constructing Affirmative Action

David Hamilton Golland

University Press of Kentucky

Several irregular measures were imposed when James Ballard, a “twenty-two-year-old Negro Air Force veteran,” attempted to apply for an apprenticeship so that he would be discouraged from pursuing the application. Although Ballard was able to pass the exam and was even to receive the highest recommendation, Local #28 did not allow him to enter the class. Ballard was one of those who faced injustice along with several other African Americans. Otis Finley — associate director of NUL — identified various discriminatory problems faced by blacks and pointed out that this discrimination poses “a serious threat to our free society.” This chapter demonstrates how federal officers who were in charge of implementing the new legislation were able to come up with a series of programs specifically for individual cities, and how this resulted to utilizing the manning table for compliance.

Keywords:   James Ballard, Otis Finley, discrimination, free society, new legislation, manning table, compliance

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