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The Currents of WarA New History of American-Japanese Relations, 1899-1941$
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Sidney L. Pash

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780813144238

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813144238.001.0001

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The Foundations of Containment

The Foundations of Containment

(p.13) Chapter 1 The Foundations of Containment
The Currents of War

Sidney Pash

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 1, The Foundations of Containment, examines the establishment of American containment, discussing the balance of power in Asia, military deterrence, diplomatic engagement, and economic coercion. This chapter evaluates positively the containment strategy created during the Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson administrations and criticizes the Taft administration’s decision to abandon containment in an effort to reduce or roll back Japan’s sphere of influence in China. This chapter also traces the general decline in American-Japanese relations from 1905 to 1919 and posits that the decline came about largely because of economic competition in China and the emergence in both countries of statesmen with little memory of the remarkably cordial relations between Tokyo and Washington in the late-nineteenth century. This chapter also provides a unique examination of critical issues and events, including the politicization of Japanese-American relations and the 1917 Lansing-Ishii Agreement.

Keywords:   Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson, Robert Lansing, World War I, Twenty-one Demands, Siberian intervention

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