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Growing Democracy in JapanThe Parliamentary Cabinet System since 1868$

Brian Woodall

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813145013

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813145013.001.0001

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(p.227) Appendix B Ministers’ Parliamentary and Social Attributes

(p.227) Appendix B Ministers’ Parliamentary and Social Attributes

Source:
Growing Democracy in Japan
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky

(p.228)

Table A.1. Ministers’ Parliamentary Traits by Cabinet Era

Source: JCCM Database.

Parliamentary Trait

1871-1898

1898-1932

1932-1946

1946-1955

1955-1972

1972-1993

1993-2006

2006-2013

Member of Parliament (%)

1.5

25.3

15.9

89.3

99.8

98.9

94.9

97.0

• Lower House MP (%)

1.5

25.3

15.9

75.7

85.0

85.6

78.5

74.77

• Upper House MP (%)

13.6

14.7

13.3

18.6

25.1

Parliamentary Terms

• Lower House Terms

0.6

4.897

6.574

3.645

5.352

6.702

5.653

5.34

• Upper House Terms

0.915

2.799

3.493

3.332

2.197

• < 5 Lower House Terms (%)

100

39.8

13.8

64.6

21.0

5.2

13.7

15.7

Parliamentary Service

• MP Service (# years)

3.026

16.708

19.21

10.639

15.87

20.331

19.318

18.75

• < 15 Years of MP Service (%)

100

47.4

25.1

69.1

48.7

27.2

29.6

26.7

Age

• Age at Cabinet Appt.

46.831

55.641

58.294

58.674

60.146

62.988

61.922

60.149

• Age at 1st Diet Election

40.872

41.449

40.422

47.965

44.272

42.674

42.63

41.47

• Age < 40 at 1st Diet Election (%)

10.0

31.4

44.6

25.1

28.7

38.5

43.0

51.1

• Age 1st Cabinet Appt.

41.076

51.052

55.238

56.551

54.716

57.551

57.7

56.907

“Urban” Districta (%)

13.2

21.5

32.5

32.2

21.6

21.2

32.7

37.9

Prior Ministerial Appt. (%)

65.4

57.5

50.6

51.9

67.2

53.3

65.0

67.1

Member of PM’s Party (%)

0

50.5

56.0

76.9

100

99.6

78.1

81.6

(a) Minister hails from relatively ‘urbanized’ prefecture (Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Aichi, Osaka, Kyoto, or Hyōgō).

(p.229)

Table A.2. Ministers’ Social Frame Attributes by Cabinet Era (%)

Source: JCCM Database.

Social Frame Attribute

1871-1898

1898-1932

1932-1946

1946-1955

1955-1972

1972-1993

1993-2006

2006-2013

Male

100

100

100

100

99.5

99.1

90.3

91.4

“Hereditary Politician”

0

0

1.5

6.5

1.9

35.0

42.3

30.2

Attended University

3.0

60.6

95.2

91.0

91.6

85.6

91.9

98.9

• Military Academy

0

10.2

22.9

0

0

0

0

0.8

• Tokyo University

0.5

38.1

52.1

41.7

46.4

32.9

33.8

29.7

• Waseda University

0

1.4

4.2

10.5

12.3

13.0

13.7

14.9

• Kei University

0.7

3.8

1.8

0.8

4.5

7.6

17.1

7.7

• Kyoto University

0

0

5.3

14.2

4.0

4.0

2.1

7.7

• Chūō University

0

1.7

1.8

3.2

9.3

3.7

7.7

5.3

• Nihon University

0

0

0.7

4.1

2.1

3.8

0.9

1.8

• Hitotsubashi University

0

0

2.6

4.1

3.0

4.0

2.5

1.5

• Meiji University

0

0

0.3

3.88

0.9

3.5

1.1

1.1

Previous Occupation

• Military

30.4

21.2

24.6

0

0

0

0

1.9

• Government Official

70.2

51.6

50.3

37.4

11.4

29.5

25.3

19.8

• (% high-level official)

(88.7)

(80.8)

(86.0)

(55.5)

(45.6)

(55.5)

(21.8)

(9.8)

• MP’s Staffer

1.8

3.8

3.4

7.1

7.3

26.7

35.9

28.7

• Local Politician

0

6.0

1.1

15.1

14.5

27.3

17.7

22.4

• Attorney

0

3.7

5.3

10.4

3.8

2.2

7.2

13.2

• Journalist

1.7

8.8

7.0

13.4

11.2

8.7

9.7

8.0

• Union Leader

0

0

0.4

3.0

0

1.8

3.0

3.1

• Local Government

0.5

0.8

2.1

0

2.6

1.6

1.7

1.5

• Celebrity

0

0

0

0

0

0.5

1.8

1.5

(p.230)