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Kentucky ConfederatesSecession, Civil War, and the Jackson Purchase$
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Berry Craig

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780813146928

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813146928.001.0001

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Kentucky's South Carolina

Kentucky's South Carolina

(p.11) 1 Kentucky's South Carolina
Kentucky Confederates

Berry Craig

University Press of Kentucky

The Purchase was different from the rest of the state for several reasons. Geography, early settlement patterns, trade ties, proslavery Democratic politics, and evangelical Christian religion contributed to Purchase secessionism. But the most crucial factor was the growth of an economy rooted in slavery. Statewide, slavery declined after 1830. In 1860, proslavery southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge carried the Purchase, while conservative Constitutional Unionist John Bell carried Kentucky. In early 1861, the Kentucky legislature spurned secession. While some vestiges of Unionism remained in the Purchase, most citizens considered Abraham Lincoln's election grounds for secession.

Keywords:   Bell, Constitutional Unionist, Purchase, secessionism, Southern Democrat, slavery, Kentucky

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