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North Korea and the WorldHuman Rights, Arms Control, and Strategies for Negotiation$
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Walter C., Jr. Clemens

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813167466

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813167466.001.0001

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How One Korea Became Two

How One Korea Became Two

Chapter:
(p.61) 4 How One Korea Became Two
Source:
North Korea and the World
Author(s):

Walter C. Clemens

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813167466.003.0004

Clemens explains that the U.S did little to help Korea become an independent and united member of the world community. However, when the North invaded the South in 1950, US forces led the fight against North Korean and Chinese armies. Clemens discusses the Cairo Conference and the armistice in July 1953 that sealed Korea’s division. Clemens also discusses the origins of the 38th Parallel. He goes on to examine whether or not U.S Policy invited aggression in Korea. Lastly, Clemens concludes the chapter with a discussion on Sino-Soviet Relations and Korea and how they formed the context for the increasingly important roles played by North and South Korea on the global stage.

Keywords:   North Korea, South Korea, 38th Parallel, Cairo Conference, Communist China, Armistice, US Foreign Policy

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