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Kentucky and the Great WarWorld War I on the Home Front$
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David J. Bettez

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813168012

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813168012.001.0001

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African Americans

African Americans

Chapter:
(p.181) 9 African Americans
Source:
Kentucky and the Great War
Author(s):

David J. Bettez

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813168012.003.0010

This chapter discusses the dilemma of African Americans: whether to support a war to make America safe for democracy, even though they were often denied civil rights and democratic freedoms such as the right to vote. Louisville African American resident and newspaperman Roscoe Conklin Simmons supported the US entry into the war and tried to rally Kentucky blacks to the war effort. Black newspaper publisher Phil Brown of Hopkinsville was also active in this endeavor. He initially assisted federal food administrator Fred Sackett in food conservation efforts and then turned his attention to garnering and organizing black support for other war-support activities. This included African Americans who joined the military, many of whom trained at Camp Taylor. The chapter includes the experiences of Austin Kinnaird, a white officer from Louisville who commanded black troops, and Charles Lewis, a black soldier still in uniform when he was lynched in Fulton County a month after the armistice.

Keywords:   African Americans, Roscoe Conklin Simmons, Phil Brown, Camp Taylor, Austin Kinnaird, subversion, Charles Lewis

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