China Looks at the WestIdentity, Global Ambitions, and the Future of Sino-American Relations

China Looks at the WestIdentity, Global Ambitions, and the Future of Sino-American Relations

Christopher A. Ford

Print publication date: 2016

ISBN: 9780813165400

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

Abstract

Chinese leaders have long been fascinated by the United States, but have often chosen to demonize America for perceived cultural and military imperialism. Especially under Communist rule, Chinese leaders have crafted and re-crafted portrayals of the United States according to the needs of their own agenda and the regime’s self-image—often seeing America as an antagonist and foil, but sometimes playing it up as a model. In China Looks at the West, Christopher A. Ford investigates what these depictions reveal about internal Chinese politics and Beijing’s ambitions in the world today. In particular, Ford emphasizes the importance of China’s “return” to global preeminence in state images, which has become an essential concept in the regime’s self-image and legitimacy. He also examines the history of Chinese intellectual engagement with America, surveying the ways in which Chinese elites have manipulated attitudes toward the United States, and revealing how leaders from Qing dynasty officials to Mao Zedong and from Hu Jintao to Xi Jinping have altered and reconstructed this narrative to support their own political agendas. Ford concludes the volume with a series of scenario-based alternatives for how China’s approaches to understanding itself and other nations may evolve in the future. Based on extensive research, including interviews with Chinese scholars and researchers, this groundbreaking study is essential reading for policymakers and readers seeking to understand current and future Sino-American relations.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

I Challenges of Sinological Epistemology

II Images of America and the Telos of China’s Return

III America in Chinese Politics in Deng’s Era of Reform

IV Repression, Nationalism, Chineseness, and the Roaring Nineties

V Chinese Discourse in the New Century

VI China and America in a New World—the Inflection Point of 2008–2009

VII China, America, and the Future