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Civil Rights in the Gateway to the SouthLouisville, Kentucky, 1945-1980$
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Tracy E. K'Meyer

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813125398

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813125398.001.0001

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Confronting School and Residential Segregation during the Cold War

Confronting School and Residential Segregation during the Cold War

(p.45) 2 Confronting School and Residential Segregation during the Cold War
Civil Rights in the Gateway to the South

Tracy E. K’Meyer

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter focuses on educational and housing segregation prevailing during the period. It notes that the U.S. Supreme Court had issued the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas ruling, declaring segregation in public education unconstitutional. It further notes that over the next few years, the Louisville Board of Education, peacefully integrated public schools, achieving national and even international praise. It also reports that in the newly developed suburb of Shively, a violent confrontation over residential segregation brewed where a black family had moved into a home on Rone Court and faced a rising wave of harassment and intimidation. It observes that in both episodes activists relied on interracial cooperation to challenge the racial status quo, and the resulting events garnered national media attention that shaped Louisville's reputation. It notes that the educational and housing segregation were inextricably linked because Louisville tied school attendance to residence.

Keywords:   educational segregation, housing segregation, U.S. Supreme Court, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas, interracial cooperation, residential segregation, Louisville

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