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Vietnam DeclassifiedThe CIA and Counterinsurgency$
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Thomas L Ahern

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813125619

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813125619.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Another Chance in the Countryside

Another Chance in the Countryside

(p.168) (p.169) Chapter 9 Another Chance in the Countryside
Vietnam Declassified

Thomas L. Ahern

University Press of Kentucky

The concerted effort to win voluntary cooperation that characterized the Viet Cong program during the nine years of Ngo Dinh Diem's rule had largely given way, by late 1965, to a military draft and “strict, even abusive, discipline.” Many peasants, seeing the Government of Vietnam (GVN) as militarily stronger than the Viet Cong, wondered why Army of the Republic of [South] Vietnam commanders did not do more to reestablish a GVN presence in the villages rather than merely attack them for harboring Viet Cong guerrillas. Interviewers from the Rand Corporation saw the GVN's failure to do more for refugees as abdicating an opportunity to exploit Viet Cong antagonism toward peasants who returned to their villages after fleeing into GVN territory. Furthermore, both uncommitted peasants and devoted Viet Cong activists were beginning to see the outcome as more likely to be determined by the struggle between Hanoi and the United States than by local Viet Cong resistance to the Saigon government.

Keywords:   Viet Cong, Ngo Dinh Diem, peasants, Vietnam, Hanoi, United States, Saigon

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