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Vietnam DeclassifiedThe CIA and Counterinsurgency$
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Thomas L Ahern

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780813125619

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813125619.001.0001

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Growing Pains

Growing Pains

(p.191) Chapter 10 Growing Pains
Vietnam Declassified

Thomas L. Ahern

University Press of Kentucky

Pacification began as and remained an essentially local process, with its initial prospects determined by the relative strength and competence of the opposing political organs and of the military forces supporting them. Another environmental influence was the attitude of the Buddhist clergy. The dissidence of the politically active An Quang school of South Vietnamese Buddhism and the violent Government of Vietnam (GVN) reaction to it had provoked the American decision in 1963 to abandon President Ngo Dinh Diem. Continuing An Quang suspicion of Catholic and Northern influences in the Army of the Republic of South Vietnam guaranteed tension also with the military governments that succeeded Diem. In the spring of 1966, this tension produced the so-called Struggle Movement, in which the An Quang Buddhists defied the GVN, then led by two of their bêtes noires, Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky and Directory chairman Nguyen Van Thieu.

Keywords:   pacification, An Quang, Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, South Vietnam, Struggle Movement, Nguyen Cao Ky, Nguyen Van Thieu

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