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Lessons in LikenessPortrait Painters in Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley, 1802-1920$
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Estill Curtis Pennington

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813126128

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813126128.001.0001

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The Invention of Photography and the Coming of War

(p.43) 1835–1865
Lessons in Likeness

Estill Curtis Pennington

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter begins by addressing the itinerant painters, headless bodies, and plain painters. Several types of itinerant artists can be identified in Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley by the trails left behind by their works. In late 1839, financial crises plaguing Martin Van Buren's administration prompted Henry Clay to seek the Whig Party's nomination for the presidency. The chapter illustrates how Robert Scott Duncanson, an African American artist, responded to Uncle Tom's Cabin. Although George Caleb Bingham is remembered as a Missouri artist, his connection with Kentucky was a source of both nurture and inspiration for his portraiture and political genre painting. Eastman Johnson created an enduring portrait of “Old Kentucky.” The chapter then shows how war raged and how photography displaced portraiture. “Lincoln's most intimate friend” was painted by G. P. A. Healy.

Keywords:   Henry Clay, Robert Scott Duncanson, George Caleb Bingham, Eastman Johnson, G. P. A. Healy, Kentucky, Ohio River Valley, war, photography, portraiture

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