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After the DreamBlack and White Southerners since 1965$
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Timothy J. Minchin and John A. Salmond

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813129785

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813129785.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 27 October 2020

Defiance and Compliance

Defiance and Compliance

The Breakdown of Freedom of Choice in the South’s Schools

Chapter:
(p.81) 4 Defiance and Compliance
Source:
After the Dream
Author(s):

Timothy J. Minchin

John A. Salmond

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813129785.003.0005

Roland Crabbe, Trussville, Alabama's mayor, wrote to President Nixon in February 1970, regarding the federal orders concerning the integration of schools. Crabbe explained how he had observed that people were upset regarding school desegregation policies that they often found to be unjust since this system was being forced upon them during the Reconstruction period. He asserted that the “only democratic way” was to enable southerners with freedom of choice. Nixon received several other letters that expressed similar sentiments in his first two years as president. In addition many senators in the South received similar letters. Such measures revealed that the whites fostered a deep opposition towards complete school integration, and that their rights were not being properly utilized. Several different schools, as documented by both the SRC and the National Education Association (NEA), saw several fights, deaths, and bomb threats in relation to such issues.

Keywords:   integration, NEA, SRC, freedom of choice, rights, white opposition, desegregation policies

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