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After the DreamBlack and White Southerners since 1965$
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Timothy J. Minchin and John A. Salmond

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780813129785

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813129785.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

The Busing Years

The Busing Years

School Desegregation in the Wake of Swann

(p.107) 5 The Busing Years
After the Dream

Timothy J. Minchin

John A. Salmond

University Press of Kentucky

Darius Swann, a black missionary, attempted to send his six-year-old son to an all-white school. Since the school board appealed to the busing order of the district court, the case reached the Supreme Court and the case's ruling was issued on April 20, 1971. One of the issues that this case drew attention to was how far the courts would be able to come up with techniques to take the Southern schools' dual system apart. It was decided that the city of Charlotte exercised de jure segregation, and that the federal courts were able to order busing so that “all vestiges of state-imposed segregation” might be removed. Since desegregation policies were not limited to walk-in schools, the courts were also allowed to pair white and black schools and gerrymander attendance zones. The integration of the schools of the South were then under the discretion of both the HEW officials and the federal judges.

Keywords:   Darius Swann, Supreme Court, all-white school, Charlotte, de jure segregation, federal judges, integration, HEW officials

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