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Berlin on the BrinkThe Blockade, the Airlift, and the Early Cold War$
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Daniel Harrington

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813136134

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813136134.001.0001

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(p.27) Chapter 2 Willingness
Berlin on the Brink

Daniel F. Harrington

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 2 describes the deterioration of Allied relations in Germany, 1945-48, the division of Germany, and the sources of Stalin’s willingness to blockade Berlin. These included the failure of the Potsdam system for Germany; disputes over reparations; the growing power of pro-Western political parties in Berlin; and the collapse of four-power cooperation, resulting in the failure of the 1947 London Council of Foreign Ministers meeting and the breakup of the Allied Control Council. It also describes Western initiatives—plans for a North Atlantic pact and a separate government in the Western occupation zones (the “London program”)—that Stalin believed he could thwart through pressure on Berlin.

Keywords:   Allied Control Council, Council of Foreign Ministers, division of Germany, London program, Potsdam, reparations, willingness

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