Chapter 2 describes the deterioration of Allied relations in Germany, 1945-48, the division of Germany, and the sources of Stalin’s willingness to blockade Berlin. These included the failure of the Potsdam system for Germany; disputes over reparations; the growing power of pro-Western political parties in Berlin; and the collapse of four-power cooperation, resulting in the failure of the 1947 London Council of Foreign Ministers meeting and the breakup of the Allied Control Council. It also describes Western initiatives—plans for a North Atlantic pact and a separate government in the Western occupation zones (the “London program”)—that Stalin believed he could thwart through pressure on Berlin.
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