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The GulfThe Bush Presidencies and the Middle East$
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Michael F. Cairo

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813136721

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813136721.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

Searching for Peace

Searching for Peace

(p.113) 5 Searching for Peace
The Gulf

Michael F. Cairo

University Press of Kentucky

Just as George H.W. Bush’s and George W. Bush’s worldviews impacted their decisions regarding war, these worldviews impacted their approach toward the Middle East peace process. It begins by illustrating how George H.W. Bush was initially reluctant to pursue peace in the Middle East, but later translated victory in the Persian Gulf War into a diplomatic process promoting Middle East peace. The chapter then turns to George W. Bush’s unwillingness to directly engage in the peace process. The chapter returns to the George H.W. Bush administration, discussing George H.W. Bush’s negotiations to ensure a peace conference between Israelis and Palestinians at Madrid, Spain. It concludes by examining the impact of George W. Bush’s neglect of the peace process. Throughout, the chapter focuses on the importance of personal relations. George H.W. Bush’s relationship with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir proved to jump-start the peace process, since George H.W. Bush’s dislike of Shamir translated into his willingness to deal with the Israelis more sternly than his predecessors had. Likewise, George W. Bush’s relationship with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon led him to support the Israeli policy, often unquestionably.

Keywords:   Madrid Peace Process, Yitzhak Shamir, Ariel Sharon, Palestinian Authority, Israel, Yasser Arafat, Road Map for Peace, Mahmoud Abbas, Hamas

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