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The Gulf – The Bush Presidencies and the Middle East - Kentucky Scholarship Online
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The Gulf: The Bush Presidencies and the Middle East

Michael F. Cairo


Despite the appearance of familiar faces in both Bush administrations, significant differences existed between the foreign policies of George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush. The Gulf refers to these differences and argues that they can be explained by the personal beliefs and styles of each George Bush. Describing George H.W. Bush as an “enlightened” realist and George W. Bush as a “cowboy” liberal, the book begins by exploring the life experiences that contributed to each president’s belief system. Comparing and contrasting each president throughout, it focuses on each administration’s policy i ... More

Keywords: George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, Persian Gulf War, Operation Desert Shield, Operation Desert Storm, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Madrid Peace Conference, Road Map for peace, “Enlightened” realism, “Cowboy” liberalism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780813136721
Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2013 DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813136721.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael F. Cairo, author