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Hitlers RivalErnst Thälmann in Myth and Memory$
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Russel Lemmons

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780813140902

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813140902.001.0001

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“Out of Your Sacrificial Death Grows Our Socialist Deed”

“Out of Your Sacrificial Death Grows Our Socialist Deed”

(p.186) (p.187) 5 “Out of Your Sacrificial Death Grows Our Socialist Deed”
Hitlers Rival

Russel Lemmons

University Press of Kentucky

The history of the camp at Buchewald was particularly well-suited to play a role in the cultivation of the antifascism myth. The camp is located on the heights of the Ettersberg overlooking Weimar, a city known as the “Athens of Germany.” Setting aside the common criminals and POWs held at Buchenwald, the largest group of camp inmates consisted of communists and social democrats. While overt opposition to camp authorities was impossible until the final days of the war, the politically-active inmates found numerous ways to resist their captors. This sparked the myth of Buchenwald Concentration Camp's “self-liberation,” a tradition that would become a central component of the GDR's official antifascism narrative. The first national Thälmann memorial and the National Monument at Buchenwald were dedicated in Weimar in 1958.

Keywords:   Buchenwald, Weimar, Memorial, Antifascism

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