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Lincoln GordonArchitect of Cold War Foreign Policy$
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Bruce L.R. Smith

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813156552

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813156552.001.0001

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Birth of the Marshall Plan, 1947–1948

Birth of the Marshall Plan, 1947–1948

(p.118) 8 Birth of the Marshall Plan, 1947–1948
Lincoln Gordon

Bruce L. R. Smith

University Press of Kentucky

In the spring of 1947 Gordon becomes active with some Harvard colleagues in the cause of European recovery and gives some speeches to local civic groups. He does not attend Secretary of State George Marshall’s June commencement speech at Harvard but receives call from a State Department friend to come to Washington and discuss Marshall Plan implementation. Gordon is drawn into the planning effort and again receives a leave of absence from Harvard. He becomes a member of a three-man steering committee headed by Paul Nitze to plan the government-wide implementation of the European recovery effort, including emergency aid and the Marshall Plan. Undersecretary of State Robert Lovett names him chairman of the committee, the administrative structure for the Marshall Plan. After much struggle with the US Bureau of the Budget, the State Department prevails. When Gordon leaves home for his assignment in Washington and more sixty- and seventy-hour-work weeks, he does not see his family again until Christmas. Congress approves the European Recovery (Marshall Plan) legislation in January, and President Truman shortly appoints Paul Hoffman and Averell Harriman as the senior officials of the new agency designed by Gordon’s committee.

Keywords:   Marshall Plan, US State Department, Paul Nitze

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