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The Conversion of Senator Arthur H. VandenbergFrom Isolation to International Engagement$
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Lawrence S. Kaplan

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813160559

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813160559.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

The Senator as Statesman, 1947–1948

The Senator as Statesman, 1947–1948

(p.169) 8 The Senator as Statesman, 1947–1948
The Conversion of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg

Lawrence S. Kaplan

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter details Vandenberg’s positions on UN policies, the reconstruction of Western Europe, and suppression of the Soviets. He knew that the future of the UN depended on ongoing relations between the East and West, just as America’s future depended on bipartisanship. In Vandenberg’s eyes, the dangers of Soviet aggression trumped China’s threats in East Asia, and he again demonstrated his allegiance to bipartisanship by supporting the Truman Doctrine. As chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he worked to ensure that the program would move forward and indeed make the nation’s policies toward Greece and Turkey applicable to other peoples. He believed that the Truman administration had responded to his lingering concerns about the doctrine with the creation of the Marshall Plan, but remained a critic as well as an advocate of the administration. Moreover, this chapter discusses how meeting the challenge of military assistance to a still fearful Western Europe while adhering to the UN Charter would become a primary problem in Vandenberg’s approach to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Keywords:   Arthur H. Vandenberg, Committee of European Economic Cooperation (CEEC), Organization of European Economic Cooperation (OEEC), European Recovery Program (ERP), Marshall Plan, Truman Doctrine, Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA), United Nations, UN Charter, Western Europe

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