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Army DiplomacyAmerican Military Occupation and Foreign Policy after World War II$
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Walter M. Hudson

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813160979

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813160979.001.0001

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Military Government Doctrine, Training, and Organization, 1940–1941

Military Government Doctrine, Training, and Organization, 1940–1941

(p.61) 2 Military Government Doctrine, Training, and Organization, 1940–1941
Army Diplomacy

Walter M. Hudson

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 2 establishes how formal US Army doctrine influenced eventual planning for and implementation of US military government. Most notably, the publication of US Army doctrine, primarily in the form of Field Manual (FM) 27–5: Military Government, provided the seminal guidance on how to train, to plan, and eventually to implement military government. In particular, FM 27–5’s unyielding insistence on military necessity as the guiding principle for postwar occupation governance profoundly informed and influenced subsequent military governments. Doctrine led to training, and FM 27–5 served as the official basis for establishing the School of Military Government where thousands of military government officials were trained during the war years in anticipation of postwar occupation roles. Finally, along with the development of doctrine and education came the formation of military government units that would administer postwar American occupation and the creation of a military government bureaucracy within the War Department that would influence postwar occupation decision making within and outside the army.

Keywords:   Army doctrine, training culture, military necessity, School of Military Government

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