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Army DiplomacyAmerican Military Occupation and Foreign Policy after World War II$
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Walter M. Hudson

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813160979

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813160979.001.0001

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North Africa and the Establishment of the Civil Affairs Division, 1943

North Africa and the Establishment of the Civil Affairs Division, 1943

(p.129) 4 North Africa and the Establishment of the Civil Affairs Division, 1943
Army Diplomacy

Walter M. Hudson

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 4 demonstrates that despite President’s Roosevelt distrust of a postwar occupation run by the US military, in 1943 he largely ceded the authority to the US Army. He did so after numerous failed attempts to create occupation organizational structures that attempted to combine military requirements with civilian prerogatives. Throughout 1943 and especially in North Africa, such efforts repeatedly failed, as one civilian agency after another was established to conduct civil administration but without clear lines of authority or clear charters. In contrast, during 1943 the army created the Civil Affairs Division, positioned it highly in its own bureaucratic hierarchy, and staffed it with capable administrators and effective interagency bureaucrats. Doing so ensured that the army would have a predominant role in postwar governance planning and implementation.

Keywords:   North Africa, Civil Affairs Division, Henry Stimson, John McCloy, interagency conflict

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