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Army DiplomacyAmerican Military Occupation and Foreign Policy after World War II$
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Walter M. Hudson

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813160979

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813160979.001.0001

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Planning and Implementing Military Government in Austria, 1943–1946

Planning and Implementing Military Government in Austria, 1943–1946

(p.201) 6 Planning and Implementing Military Government in Austria, 1943–1946
Army Diplomacy

Walter M. Hudson

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 6 focuses on the Austrian occupation. Less studied than the more famous occupations of Germany, Japan, and Korea, the American occupation in Austria, especially during 1945–1946, proved highly important for the future of the country. Consistent with its doctrine, the American military government focused on short-range military objectives and goals. Nonetheless, the Austrian occupation was relatively successful. A major reason for this success was that postwar Austria most resembled the American military government doctrinal “template” for occupations: a relatively placid population and a governmental structure (in Austria’s case, a provisional government) that was allowed to come to power soon in the course of the occupation and that thereby quickly took over the majority of governmental functions in the country.

Keywords:   Austria, zonal division, Mark Clark, Karl Renner, European Advisory Commission, Moscow Declaration, US-Soviet relations

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