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Army DiplomacyAmerican Military Occupation and Foreign Policy after World War II$
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Walter M. Hudson

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813160979

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813160979.001.0001

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Planning and Implementing Military Government in Korea, 1943–1946

Planning and Implementing Military Government in Korea, 1943–1946

(p.229) 7 Planning and Implementing Military Government in Korea, 1943–1946
Army Diplomacy

Walter M. Hudson

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 7 focuses on the challenges during the Korean occupation. The US occupation of Korea clearly demonstrated the limitations of the army’s occupation methods when confronted with a situation and environment both more complex and more alien than what the army experienced in Germany and Austria. Events during the Korean occupation also revealed the disconnection between long-term political goals that the American government presumably espoused and the military instrument meant to foster those goals. The army administered military government in accordance with its own doctrinal principles and organization. This was evident in the planning for military government, which focused nearly exclusively on Japan and little on Korea, and in the division of Korea into two zones of occupation along the thirty-eighth parallel, a militarized decision that had little overarching political rationale. The occupation was complicated by the lack of specific training provided to the military government units that performed the occupation and by the lack of political experience and skill demonstrated by the US military proconsul, Gen. John Hodge.

Keywords:   Korea, Japanese surrender, thirty-eighth parallel, John Hodge, Syngman Rhee, US-Soviet relations

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