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The American South and the Vietnam WarBelligerence, Protest, and Agony in Dixie$
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Joseph A. Fry

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813161044

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813161044.001.0001

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Southerners and the Decisions for War, 1965–1966

Southerners and the Decisions for War, 1965–1966

(p.97) 3 Southerners and the Decisions for War, 1965–1966
The American South and the Vietnam War

Joseph A. Fry

University Press of Kentucky

During 1965 and 1966, President Johnson made the decision for major US aerial and ground combat in Vietnam. Russell and Fulbright facilitated LBJ’s determination to minimize congressional and public debate on these decisions during 1965, and the South provided the president’s most dependable congressional and public support for the war. However, by late 1965 Fulbright, Gore, and Cooper had emerged as leading critics of the conflict; and in early 1966, Fulbright chaired the televised Senate Foreign Relations Committee (SFRC) hearings that constituted the first true public debate over US involvement in Vietnam. In addition to examining these developments, this chapter presents editorial opinions from major southern papers and the responses of the southern public to the war (via Gallup polling and constituent correspondence) and highlights the experience of Frazier T. Woolard, a small-town, antiwar North Carolina attorney.

Keywords:   limited war, hawks, doves, Senate Foreign Relations Committee (Fulbright) Hearings, congressional-executive relations, Frazier T. Woolard, Montgomery Advertiser, Atlanta Constitution, Louisville Courier Journal, New Orleans Times-Picayune, Texas Observer

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