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The Price of China's Economic DevelopmentPower, Capital, and the Poverty of Rights$
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Zhaohui Hong

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813161150

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813161150.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 17 May 2021

Urban China

Urban China

The Forgotten Corners

(p.89) 4 Urban China
The Price of China's Economic Development

Zhaohui Hong

University Press of Kentucky

Drawing on theories of social exclusion, capability, and civil rights, chapter 4 develops a concept—the poverty of rights—for the causal analysis of poverty. It argues that deficiency of economic resources and of working capability are not the only reasons for urban poverty; in fact, the lack of social, political, economic, and cultural rights among the disadvantaged sectors of society constitutes simultaneously the cause and consequence of urban poverty. The chapter analyzes the patterns of the poverty of rights in urban China since 1978. At the end of the chapter several options and remedies are proposed for China’s poverty-relief efforts through designing and implementing a Chinese-style affirmative action policy.

Keywords:   poverty of rights, urban poverty, affirmative action, poverty of capability, poverty of motivation

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