The Forgotten Corners
Drawing on theories of social exclusion, capability, and civil rights, chapter 4 develops a concept—the poverty of rights—for the causal analysis of poverty. It argues that deficiency of economic resources and of working capability are not the only reasons for urban poverty; in fact, the lack of social, political, economic, and cultural rights among the disadvantaged sectors of society constitutes simultaneously the cause and consequence of urban poverty. The chapter analyzes the patterns of the poverty of rights in urban China since 1978. At the end of the chapter several options and remedies are proposed for China’s poverty-relief efforts through designing and implementing a Chinese-style affirmative action policy.
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