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The Price of China's Economic DevelopmentPower, Capital, and the Poverty of Rights$
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Zhaohui Hong

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813161150

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813161150.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 17 May 2021

Rural China

Rural China

The Divested Farmers

(p.107) 5 Rural China
The Price of China's Economic Development

Zhaohui Hong

University Press of Kentucky

Focusing on the periods commonly referred to as “Deng’s China” (1978–1997) and “Jiang’s China” (1997–2002), chapter 5 demonstrates the importance of the poverty of rights in relation to farmers’ landed property. After discussing the characteristics of rural landed property, the chapter divides the farmers’ poverty of land rights into three categories: the poverty of rights in land tenure, land disposal, and land profits. This chapter furthermore discusses the causal relationships between the poverty of farmers’ rights in landed property and their overall economic poverty, evidenced by the massive number of landless, jobless, and homeless farmers burdened with heavy taxation yet without any kind of social guarantees. Finally, this chapter proposes directions and alternatives for dealing with the poverty of farmers’ land rights in the context of American experiences and lessons on this issue.

Keywords:   farmers’ landed poverty, land tenure, land disposal, land profits, village committee, collective land ownership

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