The Divested Farmers
Focusing on the periods commonly referred to as “Deng’s China” (1978–1997) and “Jiang’s China” (1997–2002), chapter 5 demonstrates the importance of the poverty of rights in relation to farmers’ landed property. After discussing the characteristics of rural landed property, the chapter divides the farmers’ poverty of land rights into three categories: the poverty of rights in land tenure, land disposal, and land profits. This chapter furthermore discusses the causal relationships between the poverty of farmers’ rights in landed property and their overall economic poverty, evidenced by the massive number of landless, jobless, and homeless farmers burdened with heavy taxation yet without any kind of social guarantees. Finally, this chapter proposes directions and alternatives for dealing with the poverty of farmers’ land rights in the context of American experiences and lessons on this issue.
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