From Economic Deprivation to Social Segregation
Chapter 6 focuses on another price of China’s economic development: the poverty of rights for migrant laborers since 1978. While their poverty of rights is seen in the deprivation of their free migration rights, reinforced by institutional discrimination, this chapter emphasizes migrant laborers’ poverty of rights related to their ability to own independent urban dwellings and seek urban employment and education. The chapter concludes that Chinese migrant laborers and their children are experiencing an identity crisis that is destructive to China’s dual urban-rural socioeconomic structures.
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