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James and Esther Cooper JacksonLove and Courage in the Black Freedom Movement$
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Sara Rzeszutek Haviland

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813166254

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813166254.001.0001

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The Demise of the Black Popular Front in the Postwar Period

The Demise of the Black Popular Front in the Postwar Period

(p.89) 3 The Demise of the Black Popular Front in the Postwar Period
James and Esther Cooper Jackson

Sara Rzeszutek Haviland

University Press of Kentucky

The vision Esther and Jack had for the postwar years did not materialize, and they found themselves navigating increasingly intense anti-Communist trends in US politics. The Cold War inaugurated a period of fear and anxiety that intersected with the black freedom movement in the South. No longer able to sustain a movement that fused leftist economic reform and racial equality, the Southern Negro Youth Congress folded in 1949. Jack worked briefly for the Louisiana Communist Party, and the family then moved to Detroit, Michigan. There, Jack worked with the Communist Party to organize autoworkers, and Esther was an activist with the Civil Rights Congress and the Progressive Party. In 1951, the couple moved to New York City, where Jack was indicted under the Smith Act.

Keywords:   James E. Jackson Jr., Esther Cooper, Communist Party USA, Southern Negro Youth Congress, Congress of Racial Equality, Progressive Party

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