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James and Esther Cooper JacksonLove and Courage in the Black Freedom Movement$
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Sara Rzeszutek Haviland

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813166254

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813166254.001.0001

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The Communist Party USA and Black Freedom in the 1950s

The Communist Party USA and Black Freedom in the 1950s

(p.153) 5 The Communist Party USA and Black Freedom in the 1950s
James and Esther Cooper Jackson

Sara Rzeszutek Haviland

University Press of Kentucky

Jack continued his activist work while he was underground, only covertly. After his 1951 indictment, he wrote for Communist Party publications under a pseudonym, critiquing the Party’s position on race and relationship with mainstream civil rights leaders. His work underground became central in the Party’s revision of its official position on the Negro Question in 1959. Jack also used his trial in 1956 as an opportunity to defend his communism by tying it to his role in the black freedom movement, and his legal strategy illustrates connections and collaboration among lawyers, activists, and thinkers of a range of political viewpoints.

Keywords:   James E. Jackson Jr., Communist Party USA, Smith Act, Underground, Negro Question, Civil Rights Movement

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