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American Justice In TaiwanThe 1957 Riots and Cold War Foreign Policy$
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Stephen G. Craft

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813166353

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813166353.001.0001

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(p.148) 12 Repercussions
American Justice In Taiwan

Stephen G. Craft

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter explores the aftereffects of Black Friday throughout east Asia, where jurisdiction over troops, America's supposed superiority complex, and racism were controversial issues. From a U.S. standpoint, Black Friday had two negative impacts that could potentially threaten foreign alliances: the removal of diplomatic immunity from MAAG advisors and increased pressure to grant jurisdiction. The situation in Taiwan particularly highlighted the case of William Girard, a GI who was involved in the death of a Japanese civilian two months prior to the Reynolds incident. Unlike in Taiwan, Girard's case was assessed by a Joint Committee, but after word spread that Japan was granted jurisdiction, Americans became outraged and Dulles reconsidered his decision. When Black Friday occurred at this impasse, Japanese citizens wrote newspapers threatening action similar to the Reynolds riots. Jurisdiction was also questioned in the Phillipines, Korea, and Thailand, where relations with the U.S. deteriorated. Ultimately, the riots in Taiwan undercut Eisenhower's containment policy and raised questions about the Girard case, GI placement abroad, and existing SOFAs.

Keywords:   William Girard, John Foster Dulles, Reynolds Riots, Black Friday, MAAG, SOFA, containment

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