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American Justice In TaiwanThe 1957 Riots and Cold War Foreign Policy$
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Stephen G. Craft

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813166353

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813166353.001.0001

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(p.181) 14 Status Quo
American Justice In Taiwan

Stephen G. Craft

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 14 describes the political climate of fear and resentment that lingered between the United States and the ROC, despite open displays of goodwill. Eisenhower often questioned the placement of American troops overseas, but insisted that the U.S. position was essential to containing the spread of communism abroad, especially in Taiwan. Now that mutual confidence was undermined, any interest in SOFA negotiations with Taiwan was lost. Both sides took measures to prevent another incident like the Taiwan riots. While the ROC vowed to promote citizenship (rather than nationalism), train its police force in riot control, and offer conciliatory speeches and pamphlets, the U.S. vowed to teach Chinese customs more comprehensively, reduce personnel, decrease the size of MAAG, and encourage liability insurance for American drivers. Still, accidents continued to occur, and the situation in Taiwan remained particularly tense when many began to observe a breakdown in the discipline of American troops and an actual increase in American personnel living overseas. Though efforts at appeasement persisted, the riots of Black Friday afforded no lasting change and the highly contentious policy of diplomatic immunity remained in effect.

Keywords:   Taiwan Riots, Black Friday, Eisenhower, ROC, Rankin, MAAG, SOFA, appeasement

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