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American Justice In TaiwanThe 1957 Riots and Cold War Foreign Policy$
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Stephen G. Craft

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780813166353

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813166353.001.0001

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Black Friday

Black Friday

Chapter:
(p.101) 9 Black Friday
Source:
American Justice In Taiwan
Author(s):

Stephen G. Craft

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813166353.003.0009

Chapter 9 describes the events of May 24, following Reynolds's controversial acquittal. After Liu's widow, Ao Tehua, arrived in front of the American embassy gates, protesting the verdict and demanding full compensation, her supporters flocked to her side. By mid-afternoon the protest developed into an “angry mob” that was violently anti-American. Throughout the day, nine waves of rioters attacked the embassy, threw stones, and scaled the walls, causing the Taipei Garrison Command to call for backup. While Chinese workers were permitted safe exit, Americans were pursued by the mob. Meanwhile, the hostilities increased once the mob learned that Reynolds had left Taipei with his family earlier that day, thus giving the appearance of fleeing. After the crowd ransacked the embassy, it then attacked MAAG's communication facilities and Municipal Police Headquarters. By the end of the day, the ROC had announced a state of emergency in Taipei and imposed martial law as Chinese troops arrived. Many wondered how the riots of Black Friday would impact U.S. policy in Taiwan and its world alliances.

Keywords:   Black Friday, Liu Ziran incident, MAAG, ROC, Ao Tehua, Karl Rankin, James Pilcher, Taipei Garrison Command

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