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The Arthurdale Community SchoolEducation and Reform in Depression Era Appalachia$
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Sam F. Jr. Stack

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813166889

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813166889.001.0001

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Progressive Education and the Depression

Progressive Education and the Depression

(p.9) 1 Progressive Education and the Depression
The Arthurdale Community School

Sam F. Stack

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter situates Arthurdale within the discourse of progressive education during the late 1920s into the early Depression era. It discusses the ideas behind progressive education and how the progressive education movement changed during the 1930s in response to the Depression. The chapter addresses the four major groups of influence in progressive education during this time, including the social reconstructionists, the child-centered progressives, the administrative progressives, and the community-centered progressives. Leaders of the progressive education movement included Francis Parker, John Dewey, Elsie Clapp, William Heard Kilpatrick, and George Counts. This chapter describes educators’ reactions to the problems that the Depression posed to schools and that set the stage for the Arthurdale School experiment.

Keywords:   Francis Parker, Progressive Education Association, William Heard Kilpatrick, Child-centered progressive, Social reconstructionist, Administrative progressive, Community-centered progressive, Great Depression

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