Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Arthurdale Community SchoolEducation and Reform in Depression Era Appalachia$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Sam F. Jr. Stack

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813166889

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813166889.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 17 May 2021

Back to the Land and the Arthurdale School

Back to the Land and the Arthurdale School

Chapter:
(p.23) 2 Back to the Land and the Arthurdale School
Source:
The Arthurdale Community School
Author(s):

Sam F. Stack

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813166889.003.0003

This chapter addresses the reformist agenda of the New Deal planners and how the Arthurdale School was conceived as an integral experiment within the subsistence or, earlier, the back-to-the-land movement. The chapter looks at the historical conception of the back-to-the-land movement and its origins and how it developed as a potential idea to build communities for those displaced by the Depression. During the Depression era, this concept came to be known as the subsistence homestead idea and was eventually realized through the passage of the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933. Leaders in the conception of the federal homesteads included Ellwood Mead and Milburn L. Wilson. The ideal homestead embodied the American conception of pioneer spirit and the virtues believed to be found in rural or country life. The first federal subsistence homestead would be located in north central West Virginia to assist coal miners who had lost their jobs and desperately needed relief. The American Friends Service Committee led the local relief efforts in the area and assisted in the formation of the first homestead at Arthurdale. It addresses the progressive conception of using the school to restore a community life focusing on identity and a sense of place in an economically depressed region in Appalachia.

Keywords:   Back to the land, United Mine Workers, National Industrial Recovery Act, Ellwood Mead, Pioneer spirit, Milburn L. Wilson, Country life, Subsistence homestead, American Friends Service Committee

Kentucky Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .