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The Arthurdale Community SchoolEducation and Reform in Depression Era Appalachia$
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Sam F. Jr. Stack

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813166889

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813166889.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 09 April 2020

The End of a Dream?

The End of a Dream?

(p.127) 7 The End of a Dream?
The Arthurdale Community School

Sam F. Stack

University Press of Kentucky

The concluding chapter evaluates the attempt to establish a community school in the Arthurdale subsistence homestead community. Central to building community was self-realization and cultural identity. The teacher Harry Carlson sought a grant to study the Arthurdale School and whether it was successful in achieving its goals, but he could not find financial backing. The chapter chronicles the decline of progressive education from a national perspective and the eventual demise of the Progressive Education Association and the organization’s mouthpiece, the journal Progressive Education. The fortunes of Arthurdale education paralleled the decline of progressive education as by 1943 the town’s schools were essentially like most other traditional schools throughout the nation. Like other schools, the Arthurdale school became more service centered than citizen centered, as originally conceptualized by Clapp and her progressive teaching force. This chapter attempts to evaluate the Arthurdale educational experiment through the publication of Clapp’s two major books, Community Schools in Action (1939) and The Use of Resources in Education (1952). While the successes and failures are addressed, there is also an attempt to build on how a historical understanding of the Arthurdale School can inform current theory and practice.

Keywords:   Cultural identity, Harry Carlson, Restoring community life, World War II, Rexford Tugwell, Social welfare, Social justice, Life adjustment, Service centered, Citizen centered

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